In early February, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission filed a lawsuit against Heritage Home Group, LLC. According to the lawsuit, the North Carolina-based corporation terminated a worker after he informed the company that he needed additional disability leave. This could have repercussions for California employees who are disabled.
As a general rule, employers in California and around the country may not refuse to hire people based solely on their disability. Volvo Group North America is paying $70,000 to settle a case involving an employee who was hired to work at a facility in Maryland. The lawsuit was filed by the EEOC after pre-trial negotiations proved to be fruitless.
California-based Google has faced several claims that it pays women less than men who are in similar positions. On Jan. 3, a lawsuit was filed in San Francisco Superior Court by a woman who used to work at Google's child care facility as a preschool teacher. The complaint was added to a class action suit that was filed against the company in September 2017 that also includes those who have worked in sales and engineering positions.
Those looking for work in California and throughout the country may not necessarily see job ads from major companies such as Google or Facebook on social media. According to an investigation from ProPublica and the New York Times, job ads on social media sites are being skewed toward younger audiences. For instance, HubSpot had an ad on Facebook that specifically targeted those between the ages of 27 and 40.
A transgender woman claims that she was the target of disparaging remarks before being fired from a Sam's Club store in North Carolina. She says this occurred after she had complained repeatedly about harassment. The plaintiff, who has filed a federal lawsuit, says that she began working at the suburban Charlotte Sam's Club in 2004 before she transitioned to being a woman. She was promoted to supervisor during this time. She says when she started wearing makeup, the harassment began.
Some female employees in California may be among the 42 percent who reported facing gender discrimination on the job in a Pew Research Center survey. Conducted in the summer of 2017, the study identified a number of different types of gender discrimination and asked almost 5,000 people about their ideas on and experiences of gender discrimination.
Workplace discrimination based on the protected status of workers is illegal in California under state and federal law. There have been questions about whether the prohibition against sex-based discrimination covers discrimination against workers based on their sexual orientation.
On Oct. 31. the U.S. Equal Employment Commission said that a California company was responsible for paying $45,000 after it was accused of pregnancy discrimination. The EEOC stepped in after the company reportedly refused to make accommodations for an employee who became pregnant, placing her on involuntary leave of absence instead.
California is one of several states in which laws have been established to protect transgender employees. In some cases nationwide, gender discrimination laws have been interpreted to include people who have gender dysphoria. Furthermore, according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act also protects people from discrimination based on gender transition as well as sex discrimination. However, the federal government does not believe this is the case. It also may be possible for a person with gender dysphoria to pursue a disability claim under the Americans with Disabilities Act.
If a California worker becomes pregnant, she may have a variety of employment protections under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. This is true if a person works for a company with 15 or more employees. Under the PDA, an employer is not allowed to harass or otherwise treat a woman differently because of her pregnancy. Furthermore, employers are not allowed to take most employment actions such as demoting or terminating someone simply because she is pregnant.